TBI Month

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. TBI can be classified based on severity, mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area). Head injury usually refers to TBI, but is a broader category because it can involve damage to structures other than the brain, such as the scalp and skull.

TBI is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, especially in children and young adults. Males sustain traumatic brain injuries more frequently than do females. Causes include falls, vehicle accidents, and violence. Prevention measures include use of technology to protect those suffering from automobile accidents, such as seat belts and sports or motorcycle helmets, as well as efforts to reduce the number of automobile accidents, such as safety education programs and enforcement of traffic laws.

Brain trauma can occur as a consequence of a focal impact upon the head, by a sudden acceleration/deceleration within the cranium or by a complex combination of both movement and sudden impact. In addition to the damage caused at the moment of injury, brain trauma causes secondary injury, a variety of events that take place in the minutes and days following the injury. These processes, which include alterations in cerebral blood flow and the pressure within the skull, contribute substantially to the damage from the initial injury.

TBI can cause a host of physical, cognitive, social, emotional, and behavioral effects, and outcome can range from complete recovery to permanent disability or death. The 20th century saw critical developments in diagnosis and treatment that decreased death rates and improved outcome.

Merry Christmas Wish

It’s that time of year again. December has come and with it all the joys of Christmas. But what is the real meaning of Christmas?

Many may not agree with me but this is what I believe.

Is it the gifts under the tree, the lights in the windows, the cards in the mail, turkey dinners with family and friends, snow in the yard, stockings hanging in the living room, and shouts of “Merry Christmas” to those who pass us in the streets? Is this really Christmas?

For many people, Christmas is a time of sorrow. They don’t have the extra money to buy presents for their children, family, and friends. Many are saddened at Christmastime when they think of their loved ones who will not be able to celebrate because they have passed or for others who can not come home for various reasons. Turkey dinners may be only a wish and not a reality for some.

Yet, Christmas can be a season of great joy. It is a time of God showing His great love for us. It can be a time of healing and renewed strength. You see, Christmas is when we celebrate the birth of the Christ child. God sent His Son, Jesus, into the world to be born. His birth brought great joy to the world. Shepherds, wise men, and angels all shared in the excitement of knowing about this great event. They knew this was no ordinary baby. The prophets had told of His coming hundreds of years before. The star stopped over Bethlehem just to mark the way for those who were looking for this special child.

So I wish everyone a Very Merry Christmas.


Sobering Statistics: December is National Impaired Driving Awareness Month

Every day, 28 people in the United States die in motor vehicle crashes involving an alcohol-impaired driver, or roughly one death every 53 minutes. In 2014, nearly 10,000 people were killed, accounting for one-third of all traffic-related deaths. The annual cost of alcohol-related crashes totals more than $44 billion.

Holiday celebrations often involve alcohol, but there are ways you can stay safe and do your part to reduce drunk driving injuries and deaths.

Many variables play a part in how impaired you may become: what you’re drinking, how much, and for how long; how much you eat; current health conditions; weight; and gender. And those who don’t often drink may underestimate their level of impairment.

Don’t take chances. Designate a sober driver who agrees ahead of time to avoid alcohol that evening. And if you find someone who’s impaired and trying to drive, stop them:

  • Be gentle but firm.
  • Explain why you don’t want them to drive: because you care and don’t want them to hurt themselves or others.
  • Suggest alternate ways of getting to their destination, like a sober driver, a cab or ride-sharing service, or public transportation, and help make it happen. If that fails, recommend they sleep over.
  • Enlist a friend to help. It’s more difficult to say “no” to two (or three or four) people than one.
  • If possible, take away the person’s keys.
  • Call law enforcement. It’s better to have a friend arrested than for them, or innocent people, injured or killed.

Click here for more ideas on how to prevent impaired driving, and ensure a safe and joyous holiday season.

You Are Unique!!!!



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